Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-ch has declared a nationwide state of emergency and initial restrictions have been issued in the fight against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
In his explanation about the state of emergency and restrictions, Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-ngam said that the state of emergency, to be in effect from 26 March to 30 April 2020, would enable the Government to impose more legal and stringent measures to effectively control the virus situation.
Under the state of emergency, people are prohibited to enter areas and places at risk of COVID-19 infection. Provincial governors and the Bangkok governor are empowered to close the locations where many people gather for various activities.
Access points to the country by aircraft, boats, cars, or other vehicles will be closed. Members of diplomatic corps and international organizations operating in Thailand and their families who need to return to Thailand from overseas will be allowed, but they need to have “fit-to-fly” health certificates. Thai nationals overseas wanting to return to Thailand will also have to follow the same requirement.
Relevant officials will ensure that there will be no shortages of necessary items and consumer goods and hoarding of consumer products is forbidden. Gatherings of many people are also banned.
Dissemination of fake news and information on COVID-19 through various media channels is forbidden, as it may cause panic among the public.
Three particular groups of people should stay at home to protect themselves from the possible virus infection outside. These vulnerable groups include people who are older than 70 years, children aged below five years, and people with some diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, stroke and cardiopathy, respiratory problems, and allergy.
The Ministry of Public Health on 25 March 2020 reported 107 new COVID-19 cases in Thailand, raising the number of confirmed cases to 934. Out of the number of confirmed cases, 70 have been cured; 860 are still hospitalized; and four have died.